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Legal Notice

By visiting and using the information at this web site you agree to the following:

Intellectual Property Laws Protect this Site

The copyright of materials derived from the GSN's work is vested in the GSN. No part of these materials (geological maps, charts, plans, diagrams, graphs, cross-sections, figures, sketch maps, tables, photographs) may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, or stored in a retrieval system of any nature, without the written permission of the copyright holder, in advance via the Director: GSN.

The content of all GSN Web pages is copyright protected. Some GSN pages contain material that is copyrighted by the GSN or by others and used by the GSN with permission. You may need to obtain permission from the copyright owner for other uses. Furthermore, some non-GSN data, products and information linked, or referred to, from this site may be protected under Namibian and foreign copyright laws. You may need to obtain permission from the copyright owner to acquire, use, reproduce, or distribute these materials. It is the sole responsibility of you, the user of this site, to carefully examine the content of GSN and all linked pages for copyright restrictions and to secure all necessary permissions.

Trademarks used on this site to describe firms and their products are trademarks of those firms or the registered proprietor of the trademark.

Potential users should refer to GSN for further advice regarding copyright permission for the use, and reproduction or digitisation of GSN materials. GSN wishes to promote business with commercial organisations, institutions, individuals and educational concerns, who want to publish materials based on GSN materials. In all cases the granting of permission will depend upon the anticipated effect of the proposed publication on the promotion, sales and associated marketing activities involved with GSN's hard copy and digital materials.

Always Check the Information

We make every effort to provide and maintain accurate, complete, usable, and timely information on our Web sites. However, some GSN data and information accessed through these pages may, of necessity, be preliminary in nature and presented prior to final review and approval by the Director: GSN. These data and information are provided with the understanding that they are not guaranteed to be correct or complete. Users are cautioned to consider carefully the provisional nature of these data and information before using them for decisions that concern personal or public safety or the conduct of business that involves substantial monetary or operational consequences. Conclusions drawn from, or actions undertaken based on, such data and information are the sole responsibility of the user.

Links Are Not Endorsements

Links and pointers to non-GSN sites are provided for information only and do not constitute endorsement, express or implied, by the GSN, the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Namibia or the Government of Namibia, of the referenced organisations, their suitability, content, products, or services, whether they are governmental, educational, commercial, or any other institutions.

Hypertext links and references to non-GSN products and services are provided for information only and do not constitute endorsement or warranty, express or implied, by the GSN, the Ministry of Mines and Energy of Namibia or the Government of Namibia, as to their suitability, content, usefulness, functioning, completeness, or accuracy.

Beware Security Risks and Computer Viruses

The World Wide Web exists across insecure, public networks and there is a risk that:

  • transmissions to or from this site may be intercepted and modified by third parties
  • files obtained from or through this site may contain computer viruses or other defects


You accept all risks and responsibility for losses, damages, costs and other consequences resulting directly or indirectly from using this site and any information or material available from it. To the maximum permitted by law, GSN excludes all liability to any person arising directly or indirectly from using this site and any information or material available from it.

Neither the Government of Namibia nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors, subcontractors, nor their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights.


How we handle the information we gather when you visit our Web site -

Web Server Activity Logs

As part of the normal operation of our Web server, certain information is automatically and continuously collected and stored in "access" and "referrer" log files. The information collected includes:

  • the name of the domain from which you access the Internet (e.g., "" if you are connecting from an Uunet Internet Africa Namibia account, or "" if you are connecting from University of Namibia's domain);
  • the type of Web browser you use to view our site;
  • the type of transaction you engage in (i.e., database query, data download, page or image retrieval);
  • the date and time you access our site; and
  • the Internet address of the Web site from which you linked directly to our site.

These data are periodically summarised and analysed in order to study site usage over time and to perform other studies to help us improve the site's organisation, performance and usefulness.

Electronic Mail

When you send us personally identifying information via E-mail (i.e., in a message containing a question or comment, or by filling out a form that E-mails us this information), we use it to respond to your requests. We may forward your E-mail to other GSN staff or contract personnel who are better able to answer your questions. We do not retain or distribute lists of E-mail addresses to any parties outside of the GSN. Specifically, we do not distribute lists of E-mail addresses to non-Government entities, or for commercial purposes.

Online Surveys

When you voluntarily provide us with personal information as part of an online survey, we use it to perform various quantitative and qualitative analyses to improve customer service and satisfaction. We may forward the information collected to other GSN staff or contract personnel to perform the actual analysis. You are under no obligation to participate in such surveys. Non-participation will not inhibit your use of our Web site in any way. If you provided the information to us in error, you may request its removal at any time.

Marketing Information

We may collect information from you, with your permission, that will allow us to provide customer services, such as promotional materials and product availability notices. We may forward the information collected to other GSN staff or contract personnel to provide specific marketing services. We will remove such information at your request.

Collection and Release of Gathered Information

We want to make it clear that we will not obtain personally identifying information about you when you visit our Web sites, unless you choose to provide such information to us. Except for officially authorised law enforcement investigations, or in the event of a suspected attempt to deliberately circumvent our system's security with the intent to gain unauthorised access or to do physical damage (e.g., an attack by hackers), we do not attempt to identify individual users or share any information we receive with any parties outside of the GSN. In the latter case, collected information associated with a suspected intruder might be shared through the GSN IT Section with an incident response service such as the CERT® Co-ordination Center.

Retention of Collected Information

Web server activity logs - Monthly extracts of the log files are archived and stored offline at our discretion for an indefinite period of time. Some statistical summaries derived from these data may be retained online or offline at our discretion for an indefinite periods.

E-mail - Information collected via E-mail will be retained at our discretion in a directly readable form for as long as necessary to complete our response. The E-mail may be retained in an archival form as required by laws and regulations governing the retention of historical records of government agencies.

Online surveys - Information collected via online surveys may be maintained at our discretion for an indefinite periods.

Marketing information - Such information may be maintained at our discretion for indefinite periods.

To Contact Us

If you have any questions about these copyright and policy notices and disclaimers, please contact us

Last updated on 01 December 2004
Published by the Geological Survey of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Copyright Geological Survey of Namibia 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000

For comments and feedback: mail to webmaster
1 Aviation Road - Private Bag 13297 - Windhoek - NAMIBIA
Phone: +264 61 2848111  Fax: +264 61 249144